This is a historical study that demonstrates the use of fables and parables was a way of communicating knowledge and truth that existed in Judaism before the arrival of Christianity. Parables and fables tackle the problem of how God and humanity communicate truth in an indirect manner. Parables and fables are usually associated with Jesus' communicating verities through parables and an occasional fable. The authors of this book place Jesus' parable-telling activity into a much broader context, demonstrating that parables were not the exclusive provenance of Jesus, but were used extensively by his Jewish contemporaries, many of whom are immortalized in the Talmud(s) and other Jewish classics. This demonstrates that parables and fables had been in use in the Hebrew scriptures/Old Testament before either Jesus and/or the rabbis. The author's trace the existence of the parable and fable from its original uses in ancient Palestine up until the Renaissance and Reformation periods.