This work reveals what the people of Eastern Europe really think about the international political climate in which they find themselves after the Cold War. The perspectives of both the general public and of international affairs experts in Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Hungary and the Czech and Slovak Republics are presented. Public opinion is assessed by leading opinion analysts in each country. Topics addressed include the possible expansion of NATO, the policies of Russia in the region, the special place of the Ukraine, and the overall challenge of finding security for Europe's new democracies. The conclusion is that a new East-West axis may well emerge. This book is the product of the Security for Europe Project, which was run from Brown University and involved local researchers in Europe's new democracies.